This apparent richness of the Western Ghats biota is, however, seriously undermined by the population that the forests have to sustain. The approximately 50 million population in this hot-spot exert tremendous pressure on its approximately 1,60,000 km2 of land area and expectedly lead to tremendous pressure on the forest area for agriculture, plantations and perennial crops. In fact, the Western Ghats has the highest density of 260 people/km2 among the hot-spots. Thus, less than 25% of the extent of the original native vegetation of the Western Ghats remains relatively pristine. A number of forest dependent as well as forest dwelling communities also exert tremendous pressure on the forests.
The details of the population press res and other demographic features can be found in this section.