In 2006, India applied to the UNESCO MAB for the Western Ghats to be listed as a protected World Heritage Site. Western Ghats also has some of the best rock formations. For example, Yana, which is famous for two massive rock outcrops known as the Bhairaveshwara Shikhara and the Mohini Shikhara.  These rocky structures are made up of solid black, crystalline limestone. Bhairaveshwara Shikhara is 390 ft in height, while the Mohini Shikharais 300 ft in height. A number of caves can be found in these Ghats as well as a number of cave paintings. All the caves, in the caves in the Western Ghats are located on the crests of an ancient trade route from the Arabian sea in to the Deccan. The Western Ghats is also home to a number of tribal communities each having their own cultural heritage.

Details of the cultural aspects of the Western Ghats can be found in this section.

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