The Western Ghats has been declared as an ecologically sensitive area and was declared as an ecological hot-spot in 1988. A large number of plants, amphibians, birds, reptiles, mammals are endemic to this region. This area has a number of protected areas including 2 biosphere reserves, 14 national parks and several wild life sanctuaries. Besides, many regions are declared as reserve forests. The Western Ghats are also home to many of the community conservation areas such as the sacred groves.

The details about the conservation measures taken in the Western Ghats, the number of protected areas and wild life sanctuaries, sacred groves of this region etc can be found in this section.

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